The Redlands Bulldog The Official University of Redlands Student News Publication 2020-07-08T21:41:23Z WordPress Trueman Andrews-Gibson <![CDATA[Coach Maynard Reinstated After University Investigation]]> 2020-07-08T21:41:23Z 2020-07-08T21:19:03Z Head Football Coach Mike Maynard has been reinstated following an investigation into his tweet, President Kuncl announced Tuesday. Maynard was placed on administrative leave a month ago after tweeting in response to a firework disruption of a peaceful protest in Riverside: “What kind of bomb? I want one of those.”

Kuncl reported “no evidence whatsoever of hostile or unjust intentions and no abuse of University systems or values.” 

The decision was announced in a University-wide email yesterday, July 7. In deciding to reinstate Maynard, President Kuncl referred to a confidential report submitted by a fact-finding committee led by Diversity and Inclusion Officer Christopher Jones Jr.

It’s not known how exactly the committee came to its conclusion, but presumably it concurred that there was no evidence of ill-intent. Kuncl explained that the tweet was not about race or violence, contrary to the interpretations of some students.

That agrees with Maynard’s now-deleted apology, which described the tweet as “an unintentional reply [he] made (in error) to a friend.”

A petition demanding Maynard’s removal found the tweet to indicate a character flaw inconsistent with University values. According to President Kuncl, disregarding Maynard’s 32 years of service for this mistake would be wrong. Also meaningful is the counterpetition supporting Maynard, which has accumulated more than double the signatures of the first (3,330 as of Wednesday).

Because anyone can electronically sign the petitions, it is unknown the breakdown of football players, other Redlands students, alumni, and non-University community members who signed each petition. President Kuncl disclosed that he received a dozen letters calling for Maynard’s firing, yet they were not written by people who know the Coach well. He also received hundreds of messages supporting Maynard.

The outcome defers to free speech in a time when faculty and university employees across the West are increasingly scrutinized for statements made outside the context of their employment.

“The nine-word inadvertent tweet was not about race or athletics or violence,” President Kuncl said.

From the opposite perspective, Coach Maynard’s insensitivity makes him unqualified to lead the Bulldog football team. Some students and alumni, who assumed the tweet was intentionally public, argue that he is not fit to serve as a role model and leader in the University. Kuncl noted that the investigation sought to determine motivation and context.

Both on Twitter and below the counterpetition, students and alumni of color report Maynard’s commitment to promoting diversity, as well as his positive tenure as Head Coach. While there were also students describing bad experiences on Twitter, the available testimonies favor Maynard.

President Kuncl remarked on the importance of due process before life-altering decisions are made.

“While evaluating any specific personnel action, it is essential that we respect due process and fundamental fairness, and formulate a measured response in full consideration of the facts, motivation, and context of any incident; that is how each one of us would want and expect to be treated.”

Like every other aspect of University life affected by COVID-19, sports teams face significant challenges this fall. However, Bulldog football will experience one less change with Maynard’s reinstatement as Head Coach.

Trueman Andrews-Gibson <![CDATA[Wrong Argument, Right Decision: LGBTQ Protected From Workplace Discrimination]]> 2020-06-22T21:23:56Z 2020-06-18T19:13:43Z A historic step towards LGBTQ equality, the Supreme Court decided Monday (6-3) in Bostock v. Clayton County, Georgia that the 1964 federal Civil Rights Act, which outlaws workplace and public discrimination based on race, color, religion, national origin, or sex, includes the protection of gay and transgender individuals. The key argument in the Court’s opinion, written by Justice Neil Gorsuch, President Trump’s first SCOTUS pick, is that the law’s reference to ‘sex’ requires protections for people treated differently because of their sexual orientation and/or gender identity. The argument is weak and contrary to legislative intent—nevertheless, the impact it will bring is important and supported by the Equal Protection clause of the 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution. Section 1 requires that no state “deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.”

Justice Gorsuch states that “an employer violates [the Civil Rights Act of 1964] when it intentionally fires an individual employee based in part on [biological] sex.” Following that premise, he is accurate in his conclusion that firing gay or transgender people (which requires consideration of their sex) is illegal. Yet, hinging on the “in part” qualification he makes, his premise seems misguided.

When the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was passed, America was just coming around to legal rights for women and people of color. Even now-liberal states, such as New York and California, did not support basic gay rights until decades after the ‘60s. Only in 1992 did California Governor Pete Wilson change his position to restricting discrimination against gay and bisexual employees. Four years later, President Clinton signed the highly-popular Defense of Marriage Act into law, which federally defined marriage as a union between a man and a woman.

We are not led to believe, seeing the consensus of the U.S. government in 1996, that 56 years ago, Congress meant “sex” to cover gay and transgender people, whose right to marriage was only recently established in Obergefell v. Hodges (2015). The intent of the law, a critical factor in judicial interpretation, does not support the Court’s conclusion.

Why care about the intent of the law? Our Constitutional system of separation of powers asks courts to interpret laws, not compose them. It’s clear that the law should protect LGBTQ people from being fired arbitrarily; however, it is Congress’s duty to fix the law, not the job of nine unelected judges to apply “sex” beyond legislative intent. Especially considering strong popular support for anti-discrimination policies, amending the law should have happened on the congressional floor, not a courtroom.

Take it from Justice Gorsuch himself who, as the Wall Street Journal’s Editorial Board notes, supports interpreting statutes according to the meaning of the language at the time it was written. “After all, if judges could freely invest old statutory terms with new meanings,” the Constitution’s lengthy process for amending democratically-supported legislation would be disregarded (New Prime, Inc. v. Oliveira).

And second, I remain convinced that the Court’s interpretation—that discriminating “in part” for one’s sex violates the Civil Rights Law—is not correct. It may seem like a minute distinction, but adding “in part” will bring negative consequences to legal precedent.

Let’s say a company operates in one of the states that do not offer paid family leave, which is most of them. The company has limited financial resources. It decides to provide eight weeks of paid leave to new mothers and only four weeks of leave to male employees (the exception being if an employee is a single father).

This policy doesn’t strike me as particularly unfair, but more importantly it’s presumed to be legal in states without conflicting laws on paid family leave. But under the Court’s phrasing of “in part,” this policy violates the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Even though the policy is informed by a meaningful biological distinction, the policy wrongly discriminates against men: they are entitled to eight weeks of paid leave if mothers are.

Is this what the sponsors of the Civil Rights Act intended when they pushed for its enactment? It seems to be a wrong conclusion despite following Gorsuch’s reasoning to a tee. Through modus tollens we can imply that the argument’s premise, that it’s illegal to differentiate “in part,” is wrong. It is wrong because the policy is not malicious, nor is it the sort of unequal treatment Congress meant to prevent. Malicious discrimination, such as firing a person for being a woman, would still be illegal under my reading of the Civil Rights Act.


Gerald Bostock, above, was the remaining living plaintiff in the case. Bostock was fired from his position in Clayton County, GA’s Child Welfare Department after joining a gay softball league. He can be seen speaking on the steps of the Supreme Court following the favorable ruling.

If the Court’s interpretation is not justified, are we to abandon hope of protecting gay and transgender people from being fired out of intolerance? Fortunately, the 14th Amendment’s Equal Protection clause grants a path to effect stronger protections than the Supreme Court’s actual decision. While the language of the 14th Amendment was primarily intended to protect recently-freed African Americans, the Court’s system of analysis for Equal Protection (which it has applied in countless cases for decades) is friendly to LGBTQ rights.

Key to understanding my subsequent argument is an appreciation of how Equal Protection claims are considered. Courts apply one of three standards to claims that the government has denied “equal protection of the laws.” The standards are a rational-basis test, where unequal laws only need a conceivable reason to be constitutional, heightened scrutiny, where a law must have “substantial reasons” for its passage, and strict scrutiny, where the law must be “narrowly tailored” around a legitimate government interest to be constitutional (United States v. Carolene Products Co). 

Since it is not difficult to provide a conceivable reason for most laws, the current test used for legislation that distinguishes based on sexual orientation, rational basis, has not been adequate in granting equal rights. This is why homophobic laws were upheld decades after the 14th Amendment’s ratification. But if the Court were to apply intermediate or strict scrutiny, as it has to the classes of sex and race respectively, the government would need significant reasons for any distinction; without such justification in court, the law would be found to violate the Equal Protection clause (Plyler v. Doe).

Adopting this argument, as the 2nd Circuit did in Windsor v. U.S. (2013), would mean that virtually any future law would have to apply equally for gay and straight people. Further, the states which do not protect LGBTQ people from workplace discrimination would be denying them Equal Protection.

How do we know that laws affecting gay and transgender people should be examined with higher scrutiny?

According to current precedent, courts should apply heightened scrutiny when at least three conditions are met. Bowen v. Gilliard (1987) established that a certain class of people must have been subjected to historical discrimination and that the characteristics that differentiate such a class be “immutable,” or unchanging (this calls into question protections for transgender individuals. If gender identity is chosen, it may not be an immutable characteristic).

Thirdly, the relevant characteristic (sexual orientation or gender identification) must not impair one’s ability to contribute to society (City of Cleburne v. Cleburne Living Center). This qualification allows laws that distinguish people with mental disabilities, since their contributions are impacted.

LGBTQ people have historically been (and are) discriminated against, recognizing the illegality of their behavior in many states until Lawrence v. Texas (2003). Adding that they are equally productive members of society, and could not choose to have different sexual preferences, legislation that fails to regard gay and straight people as equals is unconstitutional under precedent set by the Supreme Court.

We are led to the conclusion that allowing a person’s firing based on her sexual preferences or gender identity is unconstitutional because it violates Equal Protection under the 14th Amendment. The Supreme Court’s arguments, not just the results they bring, are important because they influence every federal and state court in America. The Court’s interpretation that the law prohibits any discrimination based “in part” on sex does not have to be correct to reach the desirable conclusion that gay, bisexual, and transgender people cannot be fired for prejudice of an employer. Relying on the 14th Amendment instead, the protections would be stronger for affecting all future laws that distinguish on the basis of being LGBTQ.

The image of Bostock is credited to Michael Key at the Washington Blade.

Trueman Andrews-Gibson <![CDATA[Football Coach Placed on Administrative Leave Following Insensitive Tweet]]> 2020-06-17T18:25:44Z 2020-06-10T17:45:01Z This article has been updated with the information of a counterpetition to support Coach Maynard.

A proverbial bomb in lieu of a real one, Head Football Coach Mike Maynard faced immediate backlash from the Redlands community after his response to civilian unrest last week. The Tweet, which came in the midst of nationwide protests to support Black Lives Matter, replied to a video showing fireworks exploding in someone’s car, located at a peaceful protest in Riverside.

Coach Maynard’s response read “[w]hat kind of bomb? I want one of those.” His Twitter account has since been deleted, presumably by Maynard himself.

The comment quickly drew criticism from the student population. Dawit Aklilu, who graduated this spring, started a petition calling for Maynard to be removed from his University position. As of Tuesday evening, more than 1,350 people had signed.

The petition describes Maynard’s reaction as “dismiss[ive] of the tragedy of the forceful suppression of a peaceful protest in order to marvel at the weapons used. . . [which is] indicative of a deep character flaw that students, alumni, and the greater University community cannot tolerate to any extent.”

It is relevant, however, that despite the protesters’ understandable reactions of distress, it was not a bomb that caused the disruption, but fireworks. Maynard’s statements were made on social media and not in the course of an official duty as a University coach. A matter of debate among students and alumni, his statement is at best a poorly-timed joke, and at worst an expression of disregard for the safety of peaceful protesters.

Two individuals on Twitter, who report competing as football players at Redlands, had troubling claims in light of this incident. Noah Rajaa described his experience under Maynard as “terrible,” making no specific accusation of racism. Another alumnus, citing his experience as a student athlete in 2017, said that Maynard required him to take a drug test for missing a workout because of the death of his uncle, suggesting that white athletes did not face the same scrutiny.

Yet, the testimonies were not one-sided. Coming to his defense, Tam Berhe, an African-American attorney who reported playing under Maynard from 2006-2010, described him as always being an ally. According to Berhe, Maynard helped advance diversity on the team.

Student athlete Devin Escobedo ‘23 called Maynard a mentor of “integrity, humility, and respect,” saying that nothing could negate the positive impact he’s had on students.

A counterpetition, started by someone listed only as ‘Esteban V,’ has surpassed the current count of the original. As of Wednesday afternoon, both are approaching 1,400 signatures.

The Bulldog reached out to Coach Maynard about the original intent of his Tweet but he has not yet responded.

USA Today reported that Maynard apologized on Twitter last Wednesday, though his statements can no longer be located.

“Let me apologize for an unintentional reply I made (in error) to a friend who messaged to tell me to be careful, stay inside and defend my property. Those who know me know that I believe in Criminal Justice Reform and that all men are created in that awesome likeness of God,’’ Maynard said.

The controversy is being investigated by the University, which has placed him on administrative leave. Jeff Martinez, the Director of Athletics, addressed the Tweet on Saturday, June 6, labeling it as contrary to the values of the U of R.

“We must be unified in our commitment to the work that makes change happen. Work that makes our world better, richer, wiser, and just. It is our shared responsibility as coaches, staff, and student-athletes to listen to each other, to be heard by all, and to make a difference for the greater good,” Martinez said.

Christopher Jones Jr., the recently-hired Senior Diversity and Inclusion Officer, agreed to conduct a formal review of Maynard’s statements. The result of that inquiry will influence whether or not Maynard has a role in the future of Bulldog athletics.

Jono Ruhlman <![CDATA[The Seniors are Celebrating, COVID be Damned]]> 2020-06-12T20:57:11Z 2020-04-01T09:00:44Z UPDATE: More information on the University’s policies at the time of these events, specifically concerning gatherings, has been included in the article.

As the class of 2020 faces the unprecedented cancellation of their commencement ceremonies at universities in California and across the U.S. due to the COVID-19 pandemic, University of Redlands seniors have expressed that they feel robbed of a sense of closure. “My academic career seems to have vanished into thin air,” senior Chandler Anderson wrote to the Bulldog.

Yet, some have refused to let the virus stop them from participating in the traditions and festivities of commencement at the U of R. A handful of seniors and faculty have taken the celebration into their own hands.

On Monday, Mar. 16, all on-campus students received an email ordering that they move off campus and their dorms be closed by the end of the week for their safety. At the time, the University was already transitioning to online classes, and enforcing policies based on CDC guidelines by cancelling gatherings of 50 or more people. But, before leaving campus for the last time as students, dozens of seniors convened at the Greek Theater, the traditional site of commencement, to host their own ceremonies with friends and fellow Bulldogs.

One such event was so raucous that it drew the attention of professors in nearby Hall of Letters, who began milling about the stands of the theater to see what the commotion was about. A group of students from Outdoor Programs (OP), an organization that leads students on hiking and camping trips around Southern California, were practicing their time-honored tradition of clanging pots and pans together each time a senior trip leader crossed the stage.

The make-shift ceremony was complete with social distancing of at least six feet between students adorned in full caps and gowns as they walked across the stage, called by Director of Recreation and long-time OP trip leader Andrew Hollis. The idea was proposed by junior Mattea Pulido before the official graduation ceremony was cancelled. Pulido, a “badass and super involved” trip leader according to one of her senior peers, felt it was obvious such an event should happen, and she took it upon herself to make it a reality.

“It seemed like a given that if the school wasn’t going to put on a formal ceremony, I wanted to make sure the seniors in OP got the recognition they deserved before they left campus for good,” Pulido said in an email. “Plus, OP has this tradition of banging pots and pans whenever a trip leader walks across the stage during graduation and it’s a pretty big deal for people … I think it’s something our trip leaders look forward to on graduation day, that and donning our homemade prayer flags.”

These small, ragged, Buddhist-inspired prayer flags are created by individuals who participate in OP trips, meant to represent the person in any way they choose. The flags are then strung up on a thread and adorn the ceiling of Outdoor Programs headquarters. Graduating trip leaders wear their flags to commencement, with notes from fellow trip leaders whom they shared memories with. One senior trip leader, Margaret Eronimous, explained the value of OP traditions like these in an email.

“The prayer flags remind me of the strength of the community and are a reminder of the wonderful humans I’ve had the joy of getting to know,” Eronimous said. “The pots and pans are raucous and loud and such an unbounded celebration I’ve come to love about our program.”   Eronimous considers these traditions the only reason she looks forward to the commencement ceremony itself, but because she got to take part in them, their small celebration “felt real” to her—“like the best parts of commencement all in one.”     That same week, a number of other student groups held similar events in the Greek Theater. The seniors of Residence Life and Housing (RLH) were also honored in a make-shift graduation. Dean of Student Affairs, Donna Eddleman, and Director of Residence Life and Housing, Cassandra Morton, were present as well as all Resident Directors and a few Community Assistants.

Graduating seniors Ava Klein, Drew Garbe, Anthony Guiteirrez, Devan Steele, Anna Duvall, and Kavya Mason all walked across the theater stage and received a blue cord from Cassandra Morton to commemorate their time in RLH.

Other students who were not associated with a campus organization celebrated by popping champagne and laughing on the stage of the theater with friends, like first-generation senior Chandler Anderson. Angered at the cancellation of an official commencement ceremony, she took it on herself to celebrate.

“I love my friends and I have had the pleasure of watching them grow into the accomplished people they are today,” Anderson said in an email. “I wanted us to have the opportunity to reminisce on our wonderful and wild years here together and acknowledge our achievements.”

Like many, Anderson lamented a lack of closure for her time at the University of Redlands. And yet, she was determined to make the ending of her college career memorable.

“When you thought you had more time with your favorite people in the world, and that gets taken from you, it’s hard to feel closure,” Anderson said. “My academic career seems to have vanished into thin air. In times like these, however, closure is not really accessible. Graduating with my friends, on our own terms, was meaningful in its own way. Despite these circumstances, I wouldn’t change those memories for the world.”  

From left to right: Jeong Kim, Alex Raya, Danielle Basset, Dawit Akilu, Chandler Anderson, Anthony Pulford, Kelsey Barna, Sarah Taquet.

Student-organized celebrations like Pulido and Anderson’s have been accompanied by acts of solidarity from staff and faculty at the University. The Johnston Center for Integrative Studies are streaming graduation ceremonies for individual seniors, according to their Instagram page. Professor Heather King of the University’s English department explained their developing plans to honor English majors in an email, and expressed how unfortunate the circumstances are.

“All of us in the department are crushed not to get to tell students and advisees goodbye, how much we learned from them, how proud of them we are, and how much we’ll miss them,” King said. “I really want to make sure that the class of 2020 gets their Harry Potter faculty fix.”   King often jokes that the regalia students and faculty wear to commencement makes them resemble extras from the popular book and film franchise.

“Initially I thought we’d be able to have an event in which faculty were physically on campus (in full regalia, of course!), and we projected seniors’ pictures while we read their names,” King said. “Now that things are even more restricted, I’m hoping maybe we can manage something like videoing faculty via Teams, recording it, and sending seniors the link.”

Others have helped the abrupt ending for seniors feel more complete in other ways, like photographer Coco McKown, who took it upon herself to offer the U of R’s class of 2020 graduation photoshoots with their live mascot, Addie the bulldog.

“I came up with the idea around March 12,” McKown said in an email. “I had just found out that all classes were going to go online starting March 23rd and realized a lot of students were probably going to move out of the dorms. Mary Littlejohn (Addie’s handler) was up for bringing Addie along to be in pictures.”

McKown offered her services free of charge to seniors, and said that she was not hired by the University for the shoots. “I just wanted to cheer up the students,” she said.   As a freelancer who began working for the University five years ago, McKown expressed that she felt a connection to the class of 2020, whom she watched and documented as they grew since the start of their college career. Contributing her skills one last time to the graduating class was one gesture with which she could show solidarity.

“I feel very close to the class of 2020,” McKown said. “I’ve gotten to see them grow from freshmen to seniors and [I] wish them all the best in the future.  They are strong, resilient, flexible, and creative and I know that will serve them well in this new world we’re living in.”

Photographs and video contributed by Mattea Pulido, Margaret Eronimous, and Chandler Anderson. Header image, from left to right: Rachel Wilkin, Maggie Eronimous, Mara Sherline, Paige Koenig, Emma Konugres, Kelly Bradshaw.

Madelyne Mergens <![CDATA[In Memory of Ralph Angel (1951-2020)]]> 2020-03-31T19:47:47Z 2020-03-31T19:27:23Z Much of the information used in this article was sourced from the original obituary posted to the University of Redlands website 


Over the first weekend of March this year, the University lost a beloved creative writing professor, Ralph Angel. On his work, Professor Angel once articulated that “poetry is the language for which we have no language.” Angel was a man of humility and charmed his friends, students, and colleagues effortlessly.


Angel’s origins lie in Seattle, Washington, born into a Sephardic Jewish family. After attending public school, he pursued an upper-level education at the University of Washington. He later received a Master’s degree from University of California, Irvine, where he ended up settling. 


Of his 39-year long career at the University of Redlands, Angel’s colleague Bill McDonald praised Angel’s instruction as, “dramatic, inspirational, personal, self-consciously urban,” showing how his wisdom was not only applicable to everyday experience, but also motivational for other aspiring poets. Besides his instruction at the University of Redlands, Angel inspired students at Vermont College as well, leading them into the depths of the English language as an ancient art form and method of communication.


Angel helped to found the creative writing department at the University of Redlands, helping to sculpt the current curriculum for other professors dedicated to the same thing he was. His final papers and works have been left with the University of Redlands Armacost Library Special Collections, to give students the ability to access more of his writings. 


He published many works, the first being Anxious Latitudes (1986), and others include, Neither World; Poems (1995), Twice Removed (2001), Exceptions and Melancholies (containing poems from 1986-2006) and most recently, Your Moon (2014). His work appears in numerous anthologies, and has garnered him many recognitions and awards. 


He also translated another artist’s work, the Federico Garcia Lorca collection, Poema del cante jondo (Poem of the Deep Song), which earned the Willis Barnstone Poetry Translation Prize. Of this project, different from his personal collections of poems, he appreciated the lyricism of the work, noting how it “resembled the incantatory medieval singing of the Sephardic synagogue,” where he spent so much of his youth.  


Angel’s legacy is one of timeless expression, translating raw experience into a communion of the soul. So many people recognized his talent not because it was untouchable, but rather because it was so tangible and intimate, relating to experiences so uniquely his, yet thematically universal. His words will forever be able to touch the human spirit long after his departure from this earth.


Here is a short poem by Angel.


This by Ralph Angel

Today, my love,

leaves are thrashing the wind

just as pedestrians are erecting again the buildings of this drab

forbidding city,

and our lives, as I lose track of them,

are the lives of others derailing in time and

getting things done.

Impossible to make sense of any one face

or mouth, though

each distance

is clear, and you are miles

from here.

Let your pure

space crowd my heart,

that we might stay awhile longer amid the flying


This moment,

I swear it,

isn’t going anywhere.

Photograph from Wikimedia Commons.

Madelyne Mergens <![CDATA[Spotlight on U of R’s Innovative Senior Art Majors]]> 2020-06-18T18:34:28Z 2020-03-27T09:00:37Z Do you appreciate art? If so, have you followed @uofr_art on instagram yet? That is the University’s art department’s instagram page, dedicated to placing a spotlight on Redlands’ hard working art majors and their capstone projects.


The page is run by Thomas Cone (he/him), a senior from a very small town with a population of 600 in Tennessee. Moving to Redlands was a pretty large shift, as Cone mentioned that while growing up he had dial up internet in his home until he was in middle school, and had to drive up to forty five minutes per day to get to his school. When asked about his experience there versus the experience he has made at Redlands, Cone replied, “I miss the landscape, I miss the sound of nature, but I do not miss the people” (family aside, obviously).


Of moving to California, Cone shared that he came here (specifically the L.A. area), “purposely,” because of the film industry here, however once he got invested in the Redlands art and theater departments, he became enamored with the process of communicating through artistic expression. Cone enjoys pushing his own limits through digital photography and editing, and in his words, “defying intellectualism,” in the art world.


He strongly believes in art that evokes a conversation between the viewer and the art, and mentioned that he wants the viewer to be able to engage with the piece. He wants this to happen regardless of background or education, especially someone’s background in art as he comes from a place without artistic education that was accessible.


Cone describes his artistic process as using his imagination to change mundane, ordinary things into something meaningful and emotional, able to tell a story and usually abstracted from the original image so that it is unrecognizable as to where it came from. Cone proudly emphasized that art is, “very superficial unless there’s a conversation about your identity in your art.”


His grandma taught him how to take photos, and the digital process he developed is very special to him because of his upbringing. Cone said that he likes to “listen” to the photo by spending time observing it and messing with different procedures over the course of two to three weeks, frequently leaving and returning to his work to make adjustments and see how the work is newly communicating differences to him over time.


As a retired U of R art professor once told Cone, “a project is never really done, but you must know your limits,” and this has stuck with him ever since. 

Another Senior, Caitlin Walsh (she/her) is also dedicated to the conversation a viewer has with an artist’s vision, however she does this in a way that comments on the environmental impact humans have.


Walsh says she has always been able to find beauty in the things that most people tend to overlook. Walsh explains that her gift of awareness is what inspired her to put a spotlight on something as mundane as trash around a city.


Walsh hopes to inspire in her audience the ability to view the supreme beauty that surrounds the trash, unobstructed by such an eyesore. It is easy to then hope that it isn’t there in real life and in response inspire people to gain the awareness Walsh already possesses for the natural beauty that exists in the grass on the side of the road, which many often neglect. 


Walsh was inspired to take photos by her father, Chaplain John Walsh, whom she has a wonderful reverence for because of his creative work. She grew up on the east coast and moved to California when she was 6 years old, so she was really not affected much by the move.


In high school, Walsh stepped into a new realm in life where her preferred method of photography was shooting on her first iPhone, and this was when she realized that photography was a passion of hers that she could not, and did not want to leave behind.


At first, Walsh pursued marine biology at Crafton college, but quickly discovered that her love for photos outweighed any passion she had for studies of aquatic life. To Walsh, the beauty of a photo is that it has a raw quality that allows the audience to perceive a situation for themselves, without the need for a fancy explanation.


Walsh’s philosophy is, “you can ignore it, but it will always be there,” when explaining her reason behind choosing trash as her subject. When editing the photos, she purposely enhances the colors in the photo to make the trash stand out so that people learn to recognize how unnatural and important this phenomena really is to fix.


As for the future, Walsh plans on taking photos whenever and wherever she can, once she leaves the University of Redlands in the Spring. Her photos will be displayed on her instagram, @shutter_tone, if you are interested in viewing the commentary evoked by her work showing how trash has become another element of our natural landscape.

Moving out of the realm of photographic and digital art, a senior studio art major who goes by Kaycee (he/him) puts his artistic abilities in motion through his use of paint on shoes to personalize them.


Why shoes? Because in pop culture and social circles Kaycee has been in, “shoes are a status symbol,” and represent some level of exclusivity especially when they are unique or one-of-a-kind.


Drawing from his love of video games and the ability to customize an in-game avatar, Kaycee sees his body as a real-life opportunity for acting out his love for customization through the use of fashion. Since video games were a large part of his childhood and family life, this is something that influenced him greatly.


Kaycee has an Instagram account for his self-made shoe personalization business (@kaycee.custom) where he plans on running his business full time after he graduates from the University in the Spring. Besides his aspirations for the company, Kaycee would also like to inspire young artists by becoming an educator in the arts.


Kaycee professes, “I wanna help people find their voice through art, the way I found mine,” recalling his first art class in second grade where he claims he had a breakthrough with his creative expression. As Kaycee colored in a red circle, playing with the value and saturation of the red as it moved towards the center, he realized how art enhances his perspective of the world. “That red circle changed my life,” Kaycee boldly stated,and something that fuels his current interest in art education.


Coming from a military family, Kaycee explained his father expected utter obedience, which is to be expected from someone whose stability relies on it. Kaycee however saw the “only speak when spoken to” rule as confining, and turned to “marking on clothes as a way to be loud,” while successfully standing out among his 4 older siblings.


As the youngest, Kaycee received plenty of hand-me-down clothing items. Coupled with the lack of self expression in his homelife, this bred a natural desire for Kaycee to use what he was given as a way to show who he was and set himself apart from his siblings first, and then the rest of the world.


Kaycee’s hope for his art is that his audience and consumers “see the future” in his art, connect with it personally but also see how it is uniquely his expression, and that he can eventually “leave his fingerprint” on the art or fashion world by inspiring all people to pursue artistic endeavors of any kind.

Photographs from @uofr_art on Instagram, by permission.

Julia Goetze <![CDATA[Quarantine Basics: Tips to Protect Your Physical and Mental Health]]> 2020-06-12T18:59:51Z 2020-03-25T09:00:13Z You may be asking yourself, how do we prevent catching the Corona virus? You’ve heard all the tips, but perhaps you still would like some guidance on face touching, disinfecting, and keeping ‘chill’ during quarantine.  


Surely you’ve heard not to touch your face, but how exactly do you stop that pesky habit? According to Christine Glissmann, the Prevention Education Coordinator at the University of Redlands, breaking habits is both simple and complex. There are three parts to a habit, she explained. There is a cue, a routine, and a reward. 


Because habits are unconscious things, we first must make the action conscious. Noticing how and why you touch your face is the first step to stopping. Some people may do so out of boredom, or perhaps out of anxiety. For example, someone may bite their nails out of anxiety. Once you notice the emotion that cues the habit (in this case anxiety causes the nail biting), it’s possible to change the routine and keep the reward of easing anxiety.


Some may touch their face out of boredom, like when someone rests their head in their hands. The emotion, boredom, leads to the face touching routine which may help ease boredom, creating a reward. In order to change the routine and keep the reward, you can combat this by doing something like turning a rubik’s cube, or messing with an accessory you have on. 


The change of routine could be anything from squishing a stress ball to clicking a pen, Glissmann pointed out. The reward of easing the emotion should stay the same, just without the unwanted habit. Glissmann pointed out Charles Duhigg, an author on habits and productivity, has a helpful diagram for habit change.

Chart contributed by Christine Glissmann, edited from source material.


Going further into what you can do to battle this once in a lifetime contagion, you should remember to clean surfaces around you regularly, even if you don’t think anyone around you is sick. It may seem unnecessary, but germs can last on surfaces for days and you may not even realize you could have an illness for two weeks.


It’s a good way to practice good general cleanliness even in a time without a pandemic. Don’t have lysol disinfectant spray or wipes? That’s okay! Vinegar is a good way to rid germs, as well as any alcohol solutions with at least 70% alcohol. This can be anything from rubbing alcohol to absinthe or moonshine. Some nail polish removers may even have 70%, so try looking at labels within the comfort of your own home. 


One last thing to remember, is that keeping yourself physically healthy is just about as important as keeping yourself mentally healthy. Here are a few tips to keep your stress down and positivity up.


  1. Stay focused on the present and on what you can control. Do we know what the future holds further than today? No. But that’s okay. Focus on what you do know. Cook some delicious food, watch some movies, get that homework done. Do all you can do and try not to worry about aspects you can’t control. 
  2. Treat your body like it’s a temple and it will have its rewards. Remember that eating healthful foods, drinking water, getting enough quality sleep, and exercising are things that your body loves even if you may not immediately notice it. The best thing you can do for stress is simply to keep your body in homeostasis, a stable and quality condition. 
  3. Finally, don’t be shy to ask for help and to vent your frustrations. It’s a scary time, but that doesn’t mean you’re going through it alone. Perhaps call a friend, or talk to a trusted family member. Everyone is most likely sharing the same concerns as you so it’s okay to reach out and tackle the emotions collectively. Just remember, we’re all in it together. 

Header Photo by congerdesign.

Madelyne Mergens <![CDATA[End of March Horoscope]]> 2020-03-25T05:06:06Z 2020-03-25T09:00:00Z End of March Horoscopes for 3/18/2020-3/31/2020.

By Madelyne Mergens and Katherine Chase.

*check sun, moon, and rising sign for a more accurate prediction!*


Aries; You will have a decision to make regarding a situation. You may have to leave some things behind when you make this decision, as you transform into something more beautiful than you could have ever imagined. Watch how you handle this decision as your own thoughts may become obsessive or overly pessimistic. Everything you decide now will have lasting effects into your summer months, and spending time appreciating mother earth is essential right now. 


Taurus; You may feel especially down on yourself for situations that are bringing your spirits low. Don’t place all the blame on yourself, Taurus, as everything must sometimes decay and rot. Hold firm on the path you are headed towards, as you will likely be tested during this time to see if the things you have been wishing for are really all that good for you. 


Gemini; Sometimes, things are really just out of our control. When we fall, sometimes the best thing to do is just get back up and assess the damage so that we can continue from where we are at. You may intuit that you are headed into somewhat of a trying period of time, but just know that you will have help navigating this time. Lucky for you, your personality is zesty and full of life, which makes you charming even in harder times. You are not alone.


Cancer; Your emotions may be somewhat difficult to truly understand right now, Cancer. You may stagnate, unless you really take the time to ask yourself why you are doing what you have been doing. Operating on autopilot is not an option for you right now, especially when it comes to your emotional self. If you do the proper self analysis, you will come into contact with an aspect of yourself you forgot existed, much like receiving a visit from an old friend. 


Leo; Don’t let yourself fall victim to people who have a vendetta against the world these next few weeks. You are radiant, and people who are feeling stormy will be jealous of your sunshine tendencies. It may take extra effort to head in the direction you want to go, but you have the heart to pull you through any tough situation. 


Virgo; Use what has finished in your life as a guide to direct you to where you should be focused next in life. If something conventional has ended, what is that thing you have been wanting to chase after for yourself for a while now? Conserve what you have now, as many people may be needing you to help them without being able to repay you immediately right now. Don’t see this as charity, Virgo, people must love each other unconditionally right now. 


Libra; You may currently be re-evaluating a big life plan or relationship, Libra. You are receiving advice or guidance on this situation and you know what must be done, but you ego is getting in the way. What you’re hearing may not be what you want to hear, but you know it’s what must be done. Put your pride aside and listen to this voice of reason, and everything will fall into place. 


Scorpio; Times having been trying lately Scorpio, and right now you may be searching for emotional guidance on how to manage everything. Lean on loved ones right now, but also learn to trust your intuition. Use this time to get in touch with yourself on a deeper level, and do a little soul searching. Though things may be stressful, you will manage and you will be able to handle whatever the next few weeks bring. 


Sagittarius; You’ve been searching for something or someone missing from your life for quite a while, and now is the time to be decisive with what you want. The thing you want is within your grasp, and it’s in your hands to make it happen. In this case it is up to you, not fate, to make this happen. Trust what feels right, and act on it. You are managing things well right now, so it would be in your favor to make a decision soon.


Capricorn; In the coming weeks, a new opportunity in school or work will present itself to you. Take advantage of it, as it will prove to be beneficial. In your personal life, there may be a figure who is trying to assert power over you, or who you are clashing with. Stand your ground against this person Capricorn, and don’t be afraid to fight for what you need.


Aquarius; There are a handful of people in your life who are deeply influencing you right now Aqaurius, and they are taking up a lot of your headspace. Be sure to maintain your sense of self right now, and listen to yourself and vocalize your needs. Prioritize balance in your life, and trust that you are on the right path, regardless of what others may think. 


Pisces; Pisces, you may be struggling with low-self esteem right now, and this is leading you into compulsive habits. Now is the time to make logical decisions over emotional ones, and separate your feelings from the facts of the situation. Your emotions are valid, but it’s important to be aware of when they’re clouding your perception of reality. Try to let go or any resentment you may be harboring, and you will feel much lighter. 

Photo by Numerology Sign

Katherine Chase <![CDATA[SCIAC Champions: Alyssa Downs on Womens Basketball’s Remarkable Season]]> 2020-04-01T04:25:41Z 2020-03-23T20:00:29Z Following an impressive season, the Bulldogs Women’s Basketball team earned a place in the NCAA III Tournament after winning the Southern California Intercollegiate Athletic Conference (SCIAC) Postseason Championship Tournament.


A star of the championship game against Claremont-Mudd-Scripps, U of R sophomore Alyssa Downs was responsible for scoring 22 of the team’s 62 total points, and this season leads the team in points scored per game, with an average of 14.5. 


“I honestly don’t keep track of how many points I have during a game,” Downs said. “I try to stay focused on situations as they develop as well as encouraging my teammates. Winning is important, but I feel that working together and developing together is more important. I wanted to make sure that my teammates knew how confident I was in each and every one of them and that I did as much as I could to help them. I think what helped us win in the SCIAC postseason tournament championship game was how we played like one unit during the game. There wasn’t a single person who “carried” us the entire game, it was all of us as one unit.”


Commenting further on the equally impressive performances of her teammates, she adds:


“When I started cooling off offensively in the fourth quarter, Cassie Lacey or Alyssa Lee stepped in and continued the offensive momentum. Hannah Jerrier or Kellis Dack would get important defensive stops and be huge on the glass. Our bench stepped up and kept the pressure on CMS as well. At the end of the game, it didn’t matter to me how much I scored. I was so excited that we won together.”


After some complications last season, Downs says this year the team is stronger and more connected than ever.


“This season has definitely been one of my favorite basketball seasons that I’ve ever been a part of,” Downs said. “Our team this year gets along really well and we truly have a great time being around each other and playing basketball. We all understand what it means to play with and for each other and it has shown in our success this season … all of us are on the same page and we all understand what it takes to be a successful cohesive team.”


From what Alyssa says, it’s clear the team this year has great chemistry. When asked what her favorite thing about playing on the team is, she cites this as one of the main aspects:


“My favorite thing about playing for the Bulldogs is being able to play basketball with some of my closest friends. We have such a long season and we spend countless hours in the gym together making us all very close. Even when we aren’t playing basketball, we are all hanging out throughout the day at some point, whether it is in the Commons, or the library. I think this is what has made playing basketball this season so much better because the team has so much chemistry on and off the court. We push, shove, and play our hardest against each other in practice to the point of getting mad at each other, but once we step off the court we are all best friends. It makes communicating and playing as a team so much easier when you have people around you who strive for the same goals as you.”


Following their success in the SCIAC championships, the team has since traveled to Wisconsin for the D-III NCAA tournament. In the first round, the Bulldogs were paired up against the No. 8 ranked D-III team in the nation, University of Wisconsin-Whitewater. In an impressive victory the Bulldogs ended up defeating them, with a final score of 70-62. Adding to the weight of the win, this was the first time the Redlands women’s basketball team made it past the first round of an NCAA tournament. 


Speaking on the strategies used in the game, Downs said that “It was a really good defensive battle on both sides throughout the game. Whitewater mainly worked around their two strong posts, but we were able to play great defense and hold the posts to minimal points.”


The following day, the Bulldogs faced off against the No. 23 ranking team from Trine University in the second round of the tournament. Although they played valiantly, the Bulldogs were defeated 69-49. 


Though disappointed, Downs adamantly expressed her pride for the effort the team put in, both in the tournament and throughout their season as a whole.


“We were all upset that we lost, but proud of ourselves that we were able to make the second round of the tournament,” Downs said. “Looking back on our experience at the tournament, it was really rewarding to see how far we’ve come as a team since the first day of practice. Being able to make the NCAA tournament is something that I believe we can make every year if we continue to work hard like we did this past year and continue to play as one unit.”  


With their success this season, there’s no telling how far the Bulldogs will go in the future. It’s clear though that with a team as tight-knit and dedicated as this one, good things are in store.  


“I am extremely proud of everything that the team and I were able to accomplish,” Downs said. “We all genuinely enjoyed practicing and playing with each other every time we stepped on the court. I cannot wait to see what our team accomplishes in the upcoming years!”


Photograph by Rachel Roche for Go Redlands.

Jono Ruhlman <![CDATA[The Effect of the Pandemic on the University of Redlands]]> 2020-04-11T05:04:02Z 2020-03-16T07:56:50Z

UPDATE: An email announcement from the President of the University has announced “students are asked to leave campus as soon as possible,” and at latest March 20 by 5 pm.

The Theatre Arts Department’s production of Proof was live streamed on Anna Klein’s Facebook page Monday March 16.

Starting Mar. 23, the College of Arts and Sciences will transition to “‘technology-enhanced’ hybrid virtual instruction” in an effort to minimize in-person meetings for the rest of the spring semester. A number of professors have transitioned to online classes this week ahead of schedule.

The School of Music has moved ahead and cancelled all ensemble rehearsals, unessential recitals, and in-person classes. The School of Education and Business is expected to follow suit. A number of junior and senior music students will have their recitals—landmark moments in their college career, and for some their last chance to perform what they’ve learned—changed to a live-streamed event; the students will perform to a camera with no audience present in the Fred Loewe Performance Hall.

The University’s response to COVID-19 follows a number of university campuses that had already cancelled all in-person classes the week before. Many students who have had all of their classes transitioned to an online format have left campus entirely to finish the remainder of the semester from their own homes. Those who have remained on campus are free to continue to use University facilities such as the computer lab, library, and the dining hall, but are encouraged to practice social distancing—“a conscious effort to reduce close contact between people and hopefully stymie community transmission of the virus”—in public settings. In addition, all non-essential gatherings of 100 people or more have been cancelled. Defiantly, the Theatre Arts Department will go through with a student-directed production of David Auburn’s Proof, while limiting audience sizes to less than 100 per performance (and as of today, every performance is completely sold out). A decision will be made about commencement ceremonies on Mar. 30.

Those who were abroad have been uprooted from their programs entirely. Days before President Trump announced a national emergency and travel bans to countries most at risk, all University of Redlands students studying abroad were recalled back from their programs.

Wenmei Bai 21’ was studying abroad in southern Italy, while the north was already under lockdown. Bai said in a phone interview that things were “very very normal” up until she left on Thursday Mar. 5. She received no medical screening on her flight home.

“Absolutely no stuff in place to screen people,” Bai said. “I flew from Rome to Frankfurt, and then Frankfurt to Vegas, and the only thing was that in Frankfurt they had us fill out a paper just basically saying where our permanent residence was so in case there was somebody who had the virus on that flight they could contact us.”

The program Bai was enrolled in acted before the U of R; Bai explained that “we switched to online classes a week before Redlands recalled me.” Bai has continued her coursework online from the U.S. Other abroad students had a similar experience. Amanda Wong 21’ was also recalled two months into her spring semester in Nagoya, Japan, and was also given the option to continue her studies in Japanese online. Students from other universities at her abroad institution who were not recalled were not allowed to stay in their dormitories, Wong said. “They don’t want a Diamond Princess situation,” Wong said. She also expects to receive “some sort of refund” for her housing, but Bai is unsure if she will receive the same.

Wong explained that she was grateful that she is still able to receive the credits she registered for via online instruction, but lamented “a semester’s worth of experiences and studying” cut short. Bai expressed the same sentiment, but has made some peace with the chaos of the situation.

“It’s pointless to ask why now or why me because it’s happening to so many people,” Bai said.

Some students who had made plans to study abroad in the fall in at-risk places like China have since changed their study abroad location. Junior Jahmari Johnson’s original intent to study in Shanghai was moved to New Zealand. Other students with plans to travel abroad in May were less fortunate, as the Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences Kendrick Brown announced in an email that all May Term travel courses have been cancelled. This includes a domestic travel course through the Pacific southwest which two members of the Bulldog’s editorial staff had registered for.

Amidst the unprecedented response from the University, it so far remains untouched by the virus. As of today, San Bernardino county has reported one case of the virus in Fontana, but no University of Redlands campuses have reported any confirmed cases. A recent “Bulldog Be Safe” email reported that one student at the University’s main campus who was being tested is “no longer of interest for the novel coronavirus.” A student at the Graduate School of Theology in Marin is currently being evaluated for the virus, and is “self-isolating at home and will continue to do so until deemed no longer at risk for having the virus.”

The University’s website outlines their full university-wide measures, including a response team composed of 12 members of administration and faculty working with San Bernardino county liaisons to provide up-to-date information and recommendations.

Photograph by Alissa Eckert, MS; Dan Higgins, MAMS